Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface, and is vital for all known forms of life. On Earth, it is found mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation. Oceans hold 97% of surface water, glaciers and polar ice caps 2.4%, and other land surface water such as rivers, lakes and ponds 0.6%. A very small amount of the Earth's water is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products.
Water on Earth moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration (evapotranspiration), precipitation, and runoff, usually reaching the sea. Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute to the precipitation over land.
Let's join our hands in saving water as much as possible. Here are the different ways we can follow to save at least some amount of water per day.
The average household consumes approximately 240lt of water per person per day. That means that for a household with four people in it, 960lt of water is used every day which equates to 350’400lt per year!
How is this usage broken down? Would you believe that only 3% of your total water consumed is used for drinking and cooking? The rest is used for the garden (35%), toilet flushing (29%), bathing/ showering (20%) and for laundry (13%). If we covert these percentages to volumes, the average home uses 122’640lt per year to water the garden,101’616lt to flush your toilet,70’080lt to keep ourselves clean and 45’552lt to keep our clothes clean! The other 10’512lt per year is used for drinking and cooking.
Water Rhapsody look to match water quality with application. Municipal water for drinking (for now anyway but this could change), rainwater for showering, toilet flushing and laundry and lastly, grey water for garden irrigation. A combination of all of our systems can save you up to 90% on your water bills!
Three things no one can’t live without are Oxygen, Water and Food. No one can live without Water. But do you know how precious is water and how much pure water we have in world.
If 10 years ago someone had given suggestion to sell the pure water, I’m sure people made good joke or laughed a lot on him. But nowadays mineral or purified water is billion dollar industry. People are ready to spend 20 rupees for water bottle, because we know it’s not easy to get pure or clean water. One thing is sure; in future we are going to get shortage of clean water. In India you can see water shortage in every state, whether it’s capital of India, Delhi or a village of Bihar. People can’t get clean water easily.
Here are some water facts to remember:
Some of Facts about, How valuable clean Water are:
The UN has warned for many years that water shortages will become one of the most pressing problems on the planet over the coming decades, with one report estimating that four billion people will be affected by 2050. What is happening in India, which has too many people in places where there is not enough water, is a foretaste of what is to come.
Are we seeing the beginnings of what is well may our inevitable future? It is beginning in India. Water is such a precious commodity. Water is the life blood of the planet. It runs through the veins of the entire planet. And just like the blood in our body, we cannot survive without it. And just like our blood, water has many different types. And just like our bod, if our blood is polluted so are we. And just like our body it has a complicated and astounding circulation system. And just like our body when that natural circulation system is interfered with or blocked, we get sicker and sicker.
We have to work with what we have and treat it and the earth's circulation system very tenderly and with great respect, restoring her to health. Her health is our health. We all know we can go without food for a while, but not water. Without water no life can exist. The greater percentage of our planet is of water (our oceans), as are our human bodies. Every natural element with Nature exists within the human body. We are integrally bound together in this dance of life.
A collective approach for better water management to equitably distribute clean water & tackle related issues.
India is a vast country with varied geo-climatic conditions. The monsoon patterns are irregular throughout the country becoming worse due to climatic change. Also the soil patterns are different, and being a country with vast expense, the issues are different in different regions as far as availability of resources is concerned.
Water has been a major concern in almost all parts of India. There has been inequitable distribution of this natural resource, be it for irrigation or drinking. I have been focusing on the water scarcity in drought prone areas especially during summer months. The major concerns are distribution and unavailability of potable water. Through this project I will be highlighting analysing the issues by the case studies that we have developed and other examples that came up during research till now. I believe that the technological advancement in making clean water available will have to be blended with Management of equitable distribution of water, given the fact that it is increasingly becoming so scarce a resource that people in some parts of India do not get water even for drinking for upto 9-10 days and women in rural areas have to walk kilometers in search of water on foot. This is leading to serious social issues in terms of work, gender and even crimes, with riots reported over water in these areas. Hence along with availability, distribution is a big issue which is addressed by this project.
Some Facts: By the year 2020, says a recent World Bank report, most major Indian cities will run dry. India has the highest water footprints among the top rice and wheat producing countries (China, US, Indonesia, etc.)Industrial water consumption is expected quadruple between 2000 and 2050 in India; by 2050 industrial water consumption will reach 18% of total annual water consumption, up from just 6% in 2000
Make Water Conservation compulsory in all buildings, apartments. Privatize "Water Management" systems which will bring in more efficiency. Spread awareness about the potential problems arising due to water scarcity. I think this is more an awareness issue. There is attitude which has to be eradicated. For this each one can take steps by spreading awareness among friends, relatives and neighborhood.
Apart from the ideas mentioned initiatives need to be taken for Rainwater harvesting at the village level. Ponds need to be created and they need to be maintained. A lot of water is rendered useless because its polluted.
Lot of awareness needs to be spread at village level. A lot of awareness needs to be spread in young students who are more receptive Those who wish to protect environment of India they have to concentrate on political pressure groups. Present laws, constitution, administration network, awareness is quiet enough to protect our environment, animals, water sources and pollution controls. People seating in ministries are not fool they know about environment. Problems are in willingness and decision making. With Our whole country reeling under a ubiquitous water crisis, we must spread awareness about how this problem could be contained. For that, we ourselves have to know how to deal with it. People in India have no care as to whether they save water or not. Simple steps like turning water off while brushing or shaving, cleaning of porches and balconies with buckets of water rather than running hoses, cleaning cars with bucket water than running hoses etc.
Each part of the chain worsens the water problem. No single way to stop this exists. Everybody from individuals to companies to politicians should stricken up. Otherwise we're looking at water wars real soon. This is not a one day problem; this is not even one city or village problem. People in our country give damn for this have any one constructed their house with few pot hole for rain water harvesting or the villagers have removed the silt form their ponds without waiting for the Government to come and help had they used drip irrigation and sprinklers or the people in the city have have disposed their waste properly without disposing them on roads and open spaces which is the major obstruction for the water to get sunk into ground. If they have prevented the rapid decline of water table by not exploiting it by bring well (especially commercial use).
Water is the most valuable resource of nature. It is a endless creation by god so people don’t take care of this matter. As a result crisis of water become one of the most important issue.
Desperately using of water is a bad sign for the world. There are many areas in the world where people don’t get their drinking water properly. The beauty of nature effecting by this problem. So we have to use the water as much we need without wasting. While shaving or washing your face doesn’t let water run.
Saving Water at the Sink
Save Water on the Toilet
Save Water in the Shower
Ground water resource gets naturally recharged through percolation. But due to indiscriminate development and rapid urbainzation, exposed surface for soil has been reduced drastically with resultant reduction in percolation of rainwater, thereby depleting ground water resource. Rainwater harvesting is the process of augmenting the natural filtration of rainwater in to the underground formation by some artificial methods. "Conscious collection and storage of rainwater to cater to demands of water, for drinking, domestic purpose & irrigation" Broadly there are two ways of harvesting rainwater:
1. Surface runoff harvesting
2. Roof top rainwater harvesting
If you harvest your rainwater, your water savings are even bigger as the water you harvest is used for bathing, showering, laundry and toilet flushing. Rainfall is seasonal, but for the rainy months, you could be self-sufficient in terms of water supply.